Researchers propose "Universal Murray's Law" for synthetic materials

Researchers from the University of Cambridge, Tokyo Institute of Technology, University of Warwick and University of Namur have proposed a new materials theory based on "Murray's Law," applicable to a wide range of hierarchical structures, shapes and generalized transfer processes. 

The scientists experimentally demonstrated optimal flow of various fluids in hierarchically planar and tubular graphene aerogel structures to validate the proposed law. By adjusting the macroscopic pores in such aerogel-based gas sensors, they also showed a significantly improved sensor response dynamics. 


Murray's Law describes how natural vascular structures, such as animal blood vessels and veins in plant leaves, efficiently transport fluids with minimum energy expenditure. However, while this traditional theory works for cylindrical pore structures, it tends to struggle for synthetic networks with diverse shapes. Dubbed "Universal Murray's Law," the researchers' new theory bridges the gap between biological vessels and artificial materials and is expected to benefit energy and environmental applications.

In their work, the team provided a solid framework for designing synthetic Murray materials with arbitrarily shaped channels for superior mass transfer capabilities, with future implications in catalysis, sensing and energy applications.

Posted: May 08,2024 by Roni Peleg